Comparing the Ottoman, Mughal and Safavid Empires (Political Structure and Religion) Political Structure Mughal Empire Through warfare and diplomacy, Akbar was able to extend the empire in all directions and controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent north of the Godavari By 1650, the Mughal Empire was one of three leading powers of the Islamic world—the so-called Gunpowder Empires—which also included the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia. The other two major powers Muslim powers at the time were the Ottoman (Sunni) and Safavid (Shia.) Their religious… Silks and carpets were the major Safavid manufactures, but most subjects of the empire lived by farming or herding. The Safavid Empire began in Azerbaijan. The Mughal empire was forced into a heavy tribute. 3 Mughal army on campaign. The Mogul Empire (also spelled Moghul or Mughal) was founded by Babur in 1526 and stretched from almost all of India and westward into Europe. The Safavid Empire The Safavid Empire Esther Asian 2. At first, Shah Ismail, the founder of the Safavid dynasty, tried to convert members of the Ottoman Empire into Shiites. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Fig. Read the section in the textbook (pages 88-93) that talks about the HISTORY of your chosen empire. Because it was a Hindu land ruled by a Muslim minority. Like his father Babur, Humayun too had to fight his brother to retain the throne. It borders Assam to the east, Persia to the west and the Central Asian States to the north. Under Akbars rule there was The Safavid Empire dates from the rule of Shah Ismail (ruled 1501-1524). The models and the memories were in Herāt or Samarkand, but the artists were raided from Ṣafavid Iran, and the continuous flow of painters from Iran to the Mughal Empire is a key factor in understanding Mughal painting. The Mughal Empire had a well trained army but was defeated. By 1526, his forces took Delhi and controlled most of northern India. The Safavid Dynasty and the Ottoman Empire were two significant powers in the Middle East during the late medieval, Renaissance and early modern periods. and Delhi was sacked. Founder and consolidater of the Mughal Safavid dynasty, ruling dynasty of Iran from 1501 to 1736, known especially for its architectural achievements and its establishment of Twelver Shi‘ism among various ethnic and linguistic groups throughout Iran as a major unifying factor. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread … Mansabs similarity to the Ottomans. ... How these injunctions were later on followed or flouted by Muslim invaders and rulers in other countries is a different matter. From the foundation of how the empires started and the decline and rise of their world. The Emperor (or Padishah) of the nation currently is Akbar Shah Zafar II and its capital is Lahore, and its official language is Urdu, however, several others are known to be spoken as well. The Ottoman empire, like the Mughal, was a complex agglomeration of peoples and cultures, filled with different languages, religions, and ethnicities. The Mughal Empire is known as a “gunpowder empire.” With the help of gunpowder weapons Babur took Delhi in 1526. Name Historical context: In the early 1500s, India was invaded by the central Asian nomadic army led by Babur, a Muslim descendant of Genghis Khan. During the expansion of the empire, the Safavid regime closely resembled the Aqquyunlu and Timurid regimes that it supplanted. The Mughal Empire was located in modern day Northern, central, and western India as well as west into modern day Pakistan and Afghanistan, or more generally, the Indian Subcontinent. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a descendant of Genghis Khan. The Empire survived in a diluted form, for another hundred years, until 1858 when there was a British presence and the Mughal Empire was absorbed into the Raj. The Mughal Empire continued to prosper under the next three emperors – Jahangir, Shah Jahan , and Aurangzeb. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. Afghan people invaded and seized the capital of the Safavid Empire and what is left of the Safavid dynasty falls apart. The Mughal Empire, also known as India, is the only state in the Indian subcontinent. The Exhibition made me see them as the embodiment of a true oxymoron, being warrior aesthetes, warlord artists, equally skilled with … Time in Early Modern Islam - February 2013. Safavid Isfahan bore cultural similarities to Ottoman Istanbul. In 1501, the Safavid Shahs declared independence when the Ottomans outlawed Shi'a Islam in their territory. Situated far inland, however, Isfahan was less cosmopolitan. The majority of central India, the largest part of the Mughal Empire, is the Deccan Plateau, a fertile land full of great rivers and their river valleys. He ruled over a small kingdom in Turkestan. The Rise Of The Mughal Empire Pages: 6 (1567 words) The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires Pages: 3 (856 words) Analysis of Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire Pages: 7 (1807 words) Mansabdari system - Mughal Empire Pages: 15 (4359 words) In … As a non-Muslim ethnic Chinese, my money is on the Mughal Empire. The Ottoman Empire bordered the Safavid Empire from the west composed of Turkey, Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Hungary, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, parts of Arabia, and much of the coastal strip of North Africa The Mughal Empire from the east most of India and Pakistan. Similarity between the Mughals and the Safavids. Answer Save. Did the annexation of Golconda and Bijapur in Aurangzeb’s reign end hostilities in the Deccan? The Safavid Empire Three Islamic Empires dominate from southern Europe to Northern India from 1500-1800 • Ottoman Empire (Southern Europe, Middle East, North Africa) • Safavid Empire (Persia) • Mughal Empire (Northern India) Esther Asian Gethyn. * Strong economic growth and richest of all Muslim nations of the time, if not among all the entire world's nations. 1 Answer. Lack of a navy. This resulted in massacre of the Sunni Muslims in 1508. The Safavid Empire was not a conquest state: Safavid conquest did not imply a change in the form of administration. With respect to slavery, how did the Mughal Empire differ from the Safavid and Ottoman Empires? Mughal art was in continuous contact with Iran or, rather, with the Timurid world of the second half of the 15th century. Conflict with its neighboring empires was continual as the Safavid Empire was Shiite and its neighbors were Sunni Muslims. Today we call it Iran. If you need to, you can add information from research as well. Because Shiite Islam was the state religion, Sunni Muslims fled the empire. When Babur died in 1530 he left a “loosely knit empire” he called Mughal. These three empires are not very different politically from each other. The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Iranian Azerbaijan region. It also came to terms with the Tajik aristocracy, which included the established ulama. The Mughal empire was born. The Safavid dynasty (/ ˈ s æ f ə v ɪ d, ˈ s ɑː-/; Persian: دودمان صفوی ‎, romanized: Dudmâne Safavi, pronounced [d̪uːd̪ˈmɒːne sæfæˈviː]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran from 1501 to 1736. The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. Summarize the history into your own words. Land grants in exchange for service. After Shah Abbas died the Safavid Dynasty suffers and leaders lacked leadership skills. The dynasty began as a Sufi order but evolved into a major gunpowder empire. Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun was born on March 6, 1508 in Kabul. Each had a lasting impact on the history of its region. Thanks to the Turks, Babur had learned new cavalry tactics and, by using cannons, muskets, and guns, it enabled him to win great victories over the Indians, who were still using traditional methods of warfare. The Safavid Empire. Relevance. Despite the many differences between the two empires, there were a … The empire also included parts of what are today Turkey and Georgia. 7 years ago. How was the Mughal empire different from he Safavid and Ottoman? The Maratha Empire decided to attack the Mughal capitol of Delhi. Almost simultaneously with the emergence of the Safavid Empire, another Muslim society was developing in South-Asia. Fig. The Mughal, Ottoman, and Safavid Empires 6) Reasons that the Safavid Empire declined I believe that Akbar was the most influential leader of the Mughal Empire because it was during his rule that the empire started to take off in a positive direction. The stability of the empire during this period could be seen, for example, in the fact that although Jahangir was addicted to alcohol and opium, he was able to rule over the empire for 22 years without much fear of upheavals. 4 Cannons were an important addition in sixteenth-century warfare. The Ottomans and Safavids were two of the three great Islamic Empires of the Early Modern Era (with the third being the Mughal Empire in India). with Safavid Iran different from Akbar’s? Lv 4. The empire continued to expand during Shah Abbas’s reign but after his death, the dynasty gradually lost its vigor. A few hundred years ago, people called it Persia, and it was a name they knew pretty well. The Mughal Empire, which ruled a largely Hindu population, adhered to Sunni Islam. Ottoman Empire, Safavid Empire, or Mughal Empire 4. How did the Mughal Empire embrace different cultures in India? The safavid empire 1. The Mughal empire is conventionally said to have been founded in 1526 by Babur, a warrior chieftain from what today is Uzbekistan, who employed aid from the neighboring Safavid and Ottoman empires, to defeat the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodhi, in the First Battle of … Like the Ottomans, the Safavids faced heavy military expenses born of technological change. But a common foe, in the Uzbeks, would eventually lead the two empires closer together. The word "Mughal" was the Persian term for "Mongol." The Safavid Empire formed in Persia, the region that is modern-day Iran, in 1501. To send this chapter to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Why? Comparative Essay on Mughal Empire and Safavid Empire The Mughal and the Safavid Empire were similar in many different aspects.

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